Civil engineering : is that the broadest of the engineering fields. Civil engineering focuses on the infrastructure of the planet which include Water works, Sewers, Pulls,Power Plants, Transmission Railroads, Highways, big pulls, Tunnels, Irrigation Canals, River Navigation, Shipping Canals, Traffic Control, Mass Transit, Airport ways, Terminals, plant Buildings, Skyscrapers, etc. Among the new important subdivisions of the sector are the same construction engineering, irrigation engineering, transportation engineering, soils and foundation engineering, geodetic engineering, civil engineering , and coastal and ocean engineering
Engineering may be a term applied to the profession in which of the natural sciences in the gained by the study are experience, and practice. To applied the efficient use of the materials or forces of nature. Engineers are that ones who have received in professional training in the pure or applied science. Before the center of the 18th century, large scale construction work was usually placed within the hands of military engineers. Military engineering involved such work because the preparation of topographical maps, the situation , design, and construction of roads and bridges, and therefore the building of forts and docks; see Military Engineering below. In the 18th century, the term engineering came into use to the explain force engineering work that was performed by civilians for nonmilitary purposes.
the bridge, waterways, fortifications and machines of war were all projects also projects undertaken by the military engineer Kings, Queens, Empermes or Pharaohs required these military building services from their engineers so as to create massive structures that created a strong and imposing image of themselves. This was the ultimate form of self promotion. The reason the civil” and “military engineers were grouped together , was because the techniques of designing these projects were similar and one who worked on military construction projects also worked on civil projects. Also the structures such as roads, pulls of the buildings and bridges of facilitated for the military agendas of certain rulers Definitely, before the term civil engineer was coined, civil engineers were in existence. Millennia ago when the pyramids of the Mayan and Egyptian empires were building pyramids, the people designing and supervising the development of the pyramids must are an engineer. Certainly, those endowed with the responsibility of devising ways to unravel the day to day problems of construction, transportation, water irrigation, town planning were engineers. The engineers of the past often worked on technical problems of their day by using mechanics, available materials and technicians of the day and sometimes worked in areas that ranged from mechanical, military inventions to architecture, which involved the planning of aesthetic structure.